Apology XIIb.36-50: Of Confession and Satisfaction

Many arguments, likewise, can be collected to show that these passages of Scripture pertain in no way to scholastic satisfactions. These men imagine that satisfactions are works that are not due [which we are not obliged to do]; but Scripture, in these passages, requires works that are due [which we are obliged to do]. For this word of Christ, 37] Repent, is the word of a commandment. Likewise the adversaries write that if any one who goes to confession should refuse to undertake satisfactions, he does not sin, but will pay these penalties in purgatory. Now the following passages are, without controversy, precepts pertaining to this life: Repent; Bring forth fruits meet for repentance; Yield your members servants to righteousness. Therefore they cannot be distorted to the satisfactions which it is permitted to refuse. For to refuse God’s commandments is not permitted. [For God’s commands are not thus left to our discretion.] 38] Thirdly, indulgences remit these satisfactions, as is taught by the Chapter, De Poenitentiis et Remissione, beginning Quum ex eo, etc. But indulgences do not free us from the commandments: Repent; Bring forth fruits meet for repentance. Therefore it is manifest that these passages of Scripture have been wickedly distorted to apply to canonical satisfactions. 39] See further what follows. If the punishments of purgatory are satisfactions, or satispassions [sufferings sufficient], or if satisfactions are a redemption of the punishments of purgatory, do the passages also give commandment that souls be punished in purgatory? [The above-cited passages of Christ and Paul must also show and prove that souls enter purgatory and there suffer pain.] Since this must follow from the opinions of the adversaries, these passages should be interpreted in a new way [these passages should put on new coats]: Bring forth fruits meet for repentance; Repent, i.e., suffer the punishments of purgatory after this life. 40] But we do not care about refuting in more words these absurdities of the adversaries. For it is evident that Scripture speaks of works that are due, of the entire newness, of life, and not of these observances of works that are not due, of which the adversaries speak. And yet, by these figments they defend orders [of monks], the sale of Masses and infinite observances, namely, as works which, if they do not make satisfaction for guilt, yet make satisfaction for punishment. Continue Reading

Apology XIIb.25-35: Of Confession and Satisfaction

Let us see, moreover, how in the Confutation which they had the presumption to obtrude upon His Imperial Majesty, they prove these figments of theirs. They cite many passages from the Scriptures, in order to impose upon the inexperienced, as though this subject which was unknown even in the time of Longobard, had authority from the Scriptures. They bring forward such passages as these: Bring forth, therefore, fruits meet for repentance, Matt. 3:8; Mark 1:15. Again: Yield your members servants to righteousness, Rom. 6:19. Again, Christ preaches repentance, Matt. 4:17: Repent. Again, Christ Luke 24:47, commands the apostles to preach repentance, and Peter preaches repentance, Acts 2:38. Afterward they cite certain passages of the Fathers and the canons, and conclude that satisfactions in the Church are not to be abolished contrary to the plain Gospel and the decrees of the Councils and Fathers [against the decision of the Holy Church]; nay, even that those who have been absolved by the priest ought to bring to perfection the repentance that has been enjoined, following the declaration of Paul, Titus 2:14: Who gave Himself for us that He might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto Himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works. Continue Reading

Apology XIIb.16-24: Of Confession and Satisfaction

  Friday of Week 22 Today’s reading: Apology XIIb.16-24 Today’s reader: Christopher Hogan A convert from Roman Catholicism, Christopher has been a Lutheran since 1996. He has led Bible studies for the past sixteen years and is currently leading a men’s Bible study… Continue Reading

Monarchy, Confederacy, and the Failed American Experiment

I don’t frequent discussions of politics these days, although I used to be (or at least imagined myself to be) quite the politico when I was in high school and college. Still, people who didn’t know me then but know… Continue Reading

Apology XIIb.1-15: Of Confession and Satisfaction

Thursday of Week 22 Today’s reading: Apology XIIb.1-15 Today’s reader: Trent Demarest Trent is a Lutheran seminarian currently serving in Baltimore as a vicar at the Church of Our Saviour. He feels that this is as good a place as any to quietly mention… Continue Reading

Apology XIIa.91-97: Of Repentance [g]

Wednesday of Week 22 Today’s reading: Apology XIIa.91-97 Today’s reader: Kyle Richardson Kyle Richardson is a first year seminarian working towards his M.Div at Concordia Theological Seminary in Fort Wayne, IN. Kyle enjoys studying church history, reading biographies, and sipping good scotch with… Continue Reading

APOLOGY XIIA.79-90: OF REPENTANCE [F]

Tuesday of Week 22 Today’s reading: AP XIIa.79-90 Today’s reader: Katy Schumpert Katy is a Lutheran wife, Sunday school teacher, and theology nerd who lives in South Carolina. Her blog is Homologeo. Daily Readings from the Book of Concord // Follow ConcordCast on Twitter // Like… Continue Reading

Luther’s sermon on the “The Old and New Man”

At several points throughout the Book of Concord, a work is cited by the authors as being “a further explication of this topic”, or the statement is made that “this entire cause has been carefully and fully treated by Luther… Continue Reading

The popular, but flawed, interpretation of Luther’s “simul” doctrine

(NB: I’ve been working on a more formal article on Martin Luther’s use of the phrase “simul iustus et peccator” for a few months now, so this topic has been on my mind a lot. Please bear with me; what… Continue Reading

St. Cyril of Jerusalem: “On The Body and Blood Of Christ”

“I received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, how that the Lord Jesus, in the night in which He was betrayed, took bread, &c.” (1 Corinthians 11:23) 1. Even of itself the teaching of the Blessed Paul… Continue Reading

Apology XIIa.28-43: Of Repentance [b]

Wednesday of Week 21 Today’s reading: Apology XIIa.28-43 Today’s reader: Christopher Hogan A convert from Roman Catholicism, Christopher has been a Lutheran since 1996. He has led Bible studies for the past sixteen years and is currently leading a men’s Bible… Continue Reading

Apology XIIa.1-27: Of Repentance [a]

Tuesday of Week 21 Today’s reading: Apology XIIa.1-27 Today’s reader: Christopher Hogan A convert from Roman Catholicism, Christopher has been a Lutheran since 1996. He has led Bible studies for the past sixteen years and is currently leading a men’s Bible… Continue Reading

If “Holy Matrimony” is a sacrament, “Marriage” is the earthly element…kind of

I was pleased to hear this episode of the Christ & Culture podcast by Rev’d Scott Stiegemeyer, in which he interviews Rev’d Dr. John Bombaro (HT: Sem. Kyle Richardson). The two discuss the differences between “Marriage” and “Holy Matrimony.” What… Continue Reading

The Triumphant and the Militant Christian: “Thomas Christian” as the Anthropological Expression of Imputed and Formal Righteousness

See larger image Only the Decalogue is Eternal Martin Luther’s Complete Antinomian Theses & Disputations. Why the Antinomian disputations? Why now? Whether it is the disappearance of the last generation of native-German speaking Americans, a residual post-World War II anti-German… Continue Reading

Apology XI: Of Confession

Monday of Week 21 Today’s reading: Apology XI Today’s reader: Noah Hahn Noah Hahn studies and drinks lots of coffee at Concordia University Wisconsin. He is especially interested in  Lutheran apologetics, the philosophy of language, and hermeneutics.  Daily Readings from the Book of Concord // Follow ConcordCast… Continue Reading

“You cannot keep the birds from flying overhead, but you can keep them from nesting in your hair.”

The White House bathed in the soft-glow of rainbow-light, mocking the sign God set in the heavens (cf. Genesis 9:13). No, He will not destroy the earth with a flood again, for He is faithful to His promise. But His judgment… Continue Reading

Dostoevsky: The Church of Rome has succumbed to the Third Temptation of Christ.

From The Idiot, Part IV, Ch. 7: “[H]e was a splendid man…; you are quite right,” repeated Ivan Petrovitch, but seriously this time. “He was a fine and a worthy fellow— worthy, one may say, of the highest respect,” he added,… Continue Reading

Week 20 Recap: Of Love and the Fulfilling of the Law [fin] » Of the Holy Supper

ConcordCast Week 20 Apology V.257–X Of Love and the Fulfilling of the Law » Of the Holy Supper Thanks to Rev’d Luke Seamon, Christopher Hogan, Christopher Antonetti, Mark Harrington, and Maritza Demarest for their contributions this week. Daily Readings from the Book… Continue Reading

Apology IX–X: Of Baptism » Of the Holy Supper

Friday of Week 20 Today’s reading: Apology IX–X Today’s reader: Maritza Demarest Maritza Demarest is the wife of ConcordCast producer and seminarian Trent Demarest. She enjoys surrealism, art, and coffee, and she loves being Lutheran.  Daily Readings from the Book of… Continue Reading

Appendix of additional quotations: Blessed Martin Luther contra the nomoclasts

Nomoclasts = antinomians. It’s just a more fun way to say it. Also, kind of click-baity. The following quotations from the Lutheran Confessions, Martin Luther, Martin Chemnitz, et al, comprise an appendix to this piece: “The Gospel frees us to… Continue Reading

Apology VII.38-50: Of The Church [c]

Thursday of Week 20 Today’s reading: Apology VII.38-50 Today’s reader: Mark Harrington Mark Harrington is a Lutheran layman in San Antonio, Texas, and an enthusiastic promoter of the Confessional Lutheran Church — because it doesn’t get better than this! Daily Readings… Continue Reading

Apology VII.23-37: Of The Church [B]

Wednesday of Week 20 Today’s reading: Apology VII.23-37 Today’s reader: Christopher Antonetti Christopher, a recent Lutheran convert, is a spice merchant and Norse model. He hopes someday to be a less recent Lutheran convert.  Daily Readings from the Book of Concord // Follow… Continue Reading

Apology VII.1-22: Of the Church [a]

Tuesday of Week 20 Today’s reading: Apology VII.1-22 Today’s reader: Christopher Hogan A convert from Roman Catholicism, Christopher has been a Lutheran since 1996. He has led Bible studies for the past sixteen years and is currently leading a men’s Bible… Continue Reading

Apology V.257-279: Of Love and the Fulfilling of the Law [p]

Monday of Week 20 Today’s reading: Apology V.257-279 Today’s reader: Rev’d Luke Seamon Rev’d Luke Seamon is a Lutheran convert from Pentecostalism.  He is currently the pastor of Reformation Lutheran Church in Salunga, PA, and Dean of the Atlantic Mission District… Continue Reading

Week 19 Recap: Of Love and the Fulfilling of the Law [Part III]

ConcordCast Week 19 Apology, V.177-256 Of Love and the Fulfilling of the Law [Part III] Thanks to Renee Brutvan, Joshua De Young, Nils Niemeier, and Rev’d Dr. Eric Phillips for their contributions this week. Daily Readings from the Book of… Continue Reading

Apology V.249-256: Of Love and the Fulfilling of the Law [o]

Friday of Week 19 Today’s reading: Apology V.249-256 Today’s reader: Trent Demarest Trent is a seminarian at Concordia Lutheran Theological Seminary in St. Catharines, Ontario. He and his wife are currently in Baltimore where he is serving as the summer vicar of the… Continue Reading

Apology V.227-248: Of Love and the Fulfilling of the Law [n]

Thursday of Week 19 Today’s reading: Apology V.227-248 Today’s reader: Rev’d Dr. Eric Phillips Rev’d Dr. Eric Phillips is pastor of Concordia Lutheran Church in Nashville, TN. Ask him about the Church Fathers sometime. Daily Readings from the Book of Concord // Follow… Continue Reading

Luther’s Small & Large Catechisms: Very much overlapping magisteria

I won’t lie, this graphic is just clickbait. A few thoughts were meandering round my mind as the second term of seminary wound down. I penned the following coalescent ratiocinations for your perusal the week of Jubilate, the last week of my first… Continue Reading

Apology V.213-226: Of Love and the Fulfilling of the Law [m]

Wednesday of Week 19 Today’s reading: Apology V.213-226 Today’s reader: Nils Niemeier Nils Niemeier is currently pursuing graduate studies in classical archaeology, with an interest in the environmental archaeology of the Bay of Naples region. Daily Readings from the Book of… Continue Reading

Apology V.195-212: Of Love and the Fulfilling of the Law [l]

Tuesday of Week 19 Today’s reading: Apology V.195-212 Today’s reader: Joshua De Young Joshua De Young is a seminarian studying at Concordia Theological Seminary in Ft Wayne, Indiana. He rejoices in Christ’s completely sufficient imputed righteousness — you should, too! Daily Readings… Continue Reading

Apology V.177-194: Of Love and the Fulfilling of the Law [k]

Monday of Week 19 Today’s reading: Apology V.177-194 Today’s reader: Renee Gayle Brutvan Renee Gayle Brutvan is a mom and a member of Trinity Lutheran Church in Ithaca, NY. She denies accusations of hippiedom, even though she wears love beads. Daily… Continue Reading

Week 18 Recap: Of Love and the Fulfilling of the Law [b]

ConcordCast Week 18 Apology, V.108-176 Of Love and the Fulfilling of the Law [b] Thanks to Katy Schumpert, Nathan Rinne, Rev’d Dr. Eric Phillips, Mark Harrington, and Christopher Antonetti for their contributions this week. Daily Readings from the Book of Concord // Follow… Continue Reading